What is Article 370?
Article 370 of the Indian constitution gave special status to Jammu and Kashmir, which had been subject to dispute between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947. Permitting it to have a detached constitution, flag and self-sufficiency over the internal affairs. The government of India withdrew this special status in August 2019 through a Executive Order and the passage of a resolution in Parliament.
History of Article 370
The provision was drafted in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah, who had by then been appointed prime minister of Jummu & Kashmir by Maharaja Hari Singh and Jawahar Lal Nehru. Sheikh had contended that Article 370 should not be placed under temporary provisions of the constitution.
Kashmir had a Muslim majority (77% Muslims according to a census in 1941). The logic of Partition instil hopes in Pakistan that Kashmir would join Pakistan. Maharaja was faced with indecision and signed the Instrument of Accession on 26 October 1947 in return for military aid and assistance by the Government of India.
Indian soldiers entered Kashmir with orders to evict the raiders. The resulting Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 lasted till the end of 1948. At the beginning of 1948, India took the matter to the UNSC. The Security Council passed a resolution asking Pakistan to withdraw its forces and nationals from the Jammu and Kashmir, and India to withdraw the majority of its forces leaving only a sufficient number to maintain law and order, following which a plebiscite would be held, unfortunately that never held.
Contemporary Situation in Kashmir
Top bureaucrat Kannan Gopinathan, a 33-year-old Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer hailing from the southern state of Kerala ‘resigns over Kashmir restrictions’, he quit his government job, saying he has his “own conscience to answer to” over the crippling lockdown and denial of essential human rights in Indian held Kashmir.
Tensions between India and Pakistan upsurge after Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announces the revocation of a constitutional provision giving the state of Jammu and Kashmir autonomy. In the wake of the announcement, widespread communications blackouts are reported in the Muslim majority region.
Modi as New Hitler of 21st Century
The prime minister of Pakistan on Wednesday compared his Indian counterpart with Adolf Hitler over the scrapping of the special status of Jammu and Kashmir and blockade of the region. Imran Khan also warned he would respond to any attack on his territory by “ten folds.”
“What Modi is doing in Kashmir like Hitler’s final solution,” Khan said in Muzaffarabad before the provincial assembly in Pakistan-controlled Kashmir.
UAE, Modi and Highest Civilian Award
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been bestowed the Order of Zayed medal by UAE’s crown prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Modi received it during his visit to UAE’s capital Abu Dhabi. UAE seems to give a blow to relationships it have with the other Muslim nations.
Kashmir is a Muslim majority area where termination of communication mediums, curfew and implementation of stringent no movement rule made common suffer the viciousness, ensured upon them through the carnages of the Indian army. Henceforth, this choice of the UAE government to gift such a significant award to a leader that goes against Muslims appears insincere and self-centered.
What do you think of the situation?