Before considering the time Pakistan has accepted in the contemporary world we should be looking for the geographical position of Pakistan with regard to its neighbors. India is located in the east, Iran and Afghanistan in the west, China and Central Asia to the north and the Arabian Sea to the south. Keeping in mind the position of Pakistan we can assumingly say that diverse culture and people have played their role in shaping Pakistan as it is today.
The Indian Sub – Continent, before the separation was following the UTC+05:30 (Coordinated universal time) since 1907 during the British era (the British Raj) and continued to using it for four years by both separated nations. Afterwards, Pakistan accepted the proposed changes as prescribed by famous Pakistani mathematician Mr. Mahmood Anwar.
Pakistan’s Standard Time
Mr. Mahmood Anwar the famous mathematician proposed changes to Pakistan’s standard time in which two time zones were introduced by him. At this time Pakistan consisted of two separated geographical regions divided into East and West Pakistan. On 15 September 1951, following the findings of mathematician Mahmood Anwar, both time zones were accepted by the Pakistani regime. Karachi Time (KART) was introduced in West Pakistan by adjusting 30 minutes off UTC+05:30 to UTC+05:00, while Dacca Time (DACT) was introduced in East Pakistan by subtracting 30 minutes off UTC+06:30 to UTC+06:00.
The changes were made effective on 30, September 1951. PKT is measured in Gilgit Baltistan region, near the village of Naltar. In 1971, Karachi Time was renamed to Pakistan Standard Time after the separation of East Pakistan which is now Bangladesh.
Daylight saving time in Pakistan
Pakistan has carry out trial with Daylight Saving Time (DST) numerous times since 2002, shifting native time from UTC+05:00 to UTC+06:00 during different summer periods, having the effect of making Pakistan counter – intuitively half an hour ahead of India during those times, even though India is in general to its east.
DST (Daylight Saving Time) was also observed from the first Sunday in April, 2002 (April 7th) at 00:00 to the first Sunday in October (October 6) at 00:00. The government cabinet decided to do this “in order to make maximum practice of daylight and to save energy.”
DST (Daylight Saving Time) in 2008 began on June 1st, and was initially set to course through August 31st to encounter the annual underperformance of 4 gigawatts of electricity instead of implementing daily power slashes in family units and industrial units. The government later extended the end date to October 31st, including the sacred month of Ramadan (which began in early September). DST (Daylight Saving Time) was originally meant to end on August 31st, 2008. In 2009, DST was observed from April 15th through October 31st.
Daylight saving time is no longer observed in Pakistan.
Source and Courtesy of Wikipedia.